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What it is, why you might need it and treatment types

Most of us understand the need to keep gums healthy as well as teeth. So if you’ve noticed blood in the sink when you spit, it could be down to bleeding gums.

Many people will experience bleeding gums from time to time, particularly if we are brushing our teeth too hard. However, it’s important that when this happens we don’t ignore it. It could be a sign of a more serious problem – gum disease.

What is periodontics?

The treatment of gums is also known as periodontics.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a serious condition which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

It starts with gingivitis which causes your gums to become red and inflamed. They may also bleed when you brush your teeth. If left untreated, this can turn into Periodontitis which affects your gum, jawbone and teeth, often resulting in the need for surgery.

What causes gum disease?

Many people understand plaque is bad news for our teeth, but it is also harmful to our gums.

Made from saliva and left over food particles, plaque is extremely sticky and so often builds up on the surface of our teeth. It contains bacteria, and as it builds up on our teeth it can irritate gums, making them red, sore and swollen.

Factors contributing to gum disease include:

  • Not cleaning teeth thoroughly
  • Poor nutrition
  • Smoking
  • Overcrowding of teeth
  • Medical conditions such as cancer and diabetes
  • A side-effect of certain types of medication

How can we prevent it?

Gingivitis is easily preventable as long as you clean your teeth properly and see your dentist for regular check-ups.

Gum disease should always be treated by a professional. One of the ways we tackle it is by deep cleaning through Airflow Tooth Polishing. With this method, water, fine powder particles and compressed air, removes plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums, smoothing the tooth’s surface and giving your gums a deep clean. However in some severe cases surgery may be needed, which is carried out by a gum specialist, also know as a Periodontist.

If you want to preserve your healthy gums or are concerned about your gum health, book an appointment with your dentist by calling the practice on 0118 9351 505.

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